- Developing intelligent pair-programming agents to facilitate programming
- Understanding and modeling Gender Inclusive Collaborations
- Supporting Information Foraging by Utilizing Agents’ Collective Foraging Behavior
- Semantic Clone Detection using Source Code Comments
- Mining Technical and Social Skills of Programmers
- Assessment of Programmers’ Socio-Technical Skills
- Understanding and Modeling Programmer’s Explorations at File level
- Supporting Problem Solving
- Supporting Exploratory Programming
- It includes understand the foraging behavior of end user programmer while performing exploratory programming tasks such as program exploration, program understanding, verification and debugging in context of variations. My research has supported exploratory programming at different levels; namely, workspace, file, and online-repositories. My initial research was part of the Exploratory Programming project, a collaboration involving Carnegie Mellon University, Oregon State University, University of Nebraska-Lincoln, and University of Washington. We supported AppInventorHelper to support exploratory programming at file level and Pipes Plumber to support exploratory programming at the workspace level.
- Supporting Debugging in Web Based Distributed Programming Environments: The web is a wild content rich platform and finding mechanisms to effectively and efficiently access information on it can be challenging. Creating applications that optimize information access and utilize web-based distributed programming involves aggregating heterogeneous web APIs distributed across different platforms. Building such programs is challenging as they contain software and hardware dependencies not represented in traditional programming environments. My own analysis of a large corpus (51,468) of (Yahoo! Pipes) mashup code and execution logs showed that more than 64.1% of mashups contained bugs primarily caused by changes in the sources’ data. To provide better automatic detection of bugs, I created a classification scheme of bugs as Intra-module (bugs that occur within a module) and Inter-module (bugs that involve interactions between modules) bugs. Based on these classifications, an anomaly detector that can automatically detect bugs was implemented.
- Using Information Foraging Theory (IFT) to understand the foraging behaviour while Web Based Distributed Programming Environments: To understand the foraging behavior of end-user programmers in the context of debugging mashups we used IFT. In IFT theory a predator (end-user programmer) forages for prey (bugs, while finding or fixing) by following cues (e.g., labels on links) in patches (e.g., web pages, IDEs). We contributed to the theory by creating a model that allowed us to refine our understanding of the debugging behavior of EUPs by separately focusing on the localization and correction of faults. Click here to find details on my Ph.D. Dissertation.
The goal of this research is to bring the benefits of pair programming to programmers by replacing a programmer with partner agents. This project aims to create a partner agents that is non-judgemental of gender, ethnicity, social and economic status and creates a symbiotic relationship to harness characteristics of humans (domain knowledge, creativity and innovation) and machines (automated techniques) to create powerful and efficient solutions.We are developing a paradigm called Pair Buddy to foster pair programming between the programmer and agents. The proposed research will gather and analyze rich fine-grained qualitative findings that further the state of knowledge about the programmers’ collaboration with agents and inform the design guidelines for future collaborative pedagogical software and curriculum. These guidelines will inform the design of the Pair Buddy paradigm.
Although gender differences in a technological world receive significant research attention, much of this research and practice aims at how society and education can impact the success and retention of women in computer science. The possibility of gender biases within software, however, has received almost no attention.A method called GenderMag is developed. GenderMag (Gender-Inclusiveness Magnifier) is an inspection method for software practitioners to evaluate and create a gender-inclusive problem-solving software. Currently, we are working on extending the GenderMag method to GenderMag-Collab for supporting pair-programming. We also plan on developing tool to broaden the participation in computer education. Additionally, we are interested in characterizing brain neural response in the same and mixed genders pairs during collaboration on problem-solving task. Finally, utilizing machine learning to identified the differences in brain neural responses in the same and mixed gender dyads during problem solving.
Presently, a vast number of computational applications are developed utilizing the collective intelligence of individuals who collaborate to achieve a common goal. To achieve their common goal, the members of crowd often seek information from jillions of different sources such as the web, artifacts, and other agents. However, information seeking is difficult, costing both time and cognitive effort, and related information can be scattered across different sources. Therefore, collective information seeking applications inherently face challenges when seeking “optimal” information. Currently, we are working on investigating the use of the past collective information seeking behaviors of individuals, specifically knowledge workers, to tactically reduce the overhead of finding relevant information for newcomers working on similar tasks. To understand the information seeking and foraging behavior of individuals, we are utilizing Information Foraging Theory – a theory of information seeking that has been applied successfully to diverse domains such as web, interfaces and programming.
Programmers reuse code to increase their productivity, which leads to large fragments of duplicate or near-duplicate code in the code base. The current code clone detection techniques for finding semantic clones utilize Program Dependency Graphs (PDG), which are expensive and resource-intensive. PDG and other clone detection techniques utilize code and have completely ignored the comments - due to ambiguity of English language, but in terms of program comprehension, comments carry the important domain knowledge. utilized with LDA and are equivalent to sophisticated PDG based techniques. One approach would be using comments with LDA to detect clone sets at the file level, as this process is less resource-intensive, and applying PDG based code detection techniques at the function level.
I am using social network analysis and deep machine learning techniques to understand the socio-technical behavior of programmers. For example, I am investigating how people learn code between their social and technical collaborations. I am also investigating the social behavior of the programmers when they move within and between social and technical sites. The understanding of these will help in designing tools for searching code, which programmers can trust and are based on their social interactions.
Managers are increasingly using online contributions to make hiring decisions. However, it is nontrivial to find relevant information about candidates in large online, global communities. Potential employers, as well as recruiters, are increasingly using the history of public contributions to locate suitable candidates, filter applicants for a position, or inform interview interactions. Literature suggests that both types of information (technical and social skills) are important when assessing developers. We designed Visual Resume to aggregate activity traces across two different types of peer production sites: a code hosting site (GitHub) and a technical Q&A forum (Stack Overflow). It aggregates developer activities across projects and languages to portray their technical and soft skills. More specifically, it extracts histories of commits, issues, comments, programming languages, and projects in GitHub. For Stack Overflow it groups data on answers, questions, comments, and tags. Aggregating activities across online communities can build a more accurate profile, since developers can contribute to multiple projects and forums. This also helps in comparison of contributions across sites as different sites can have different presentation styles. Our scenario-based, formative study found that participants appreciated the ability to compare candidates based on overall summaries, and to drill down to a particular contribution to assess its quality.